基于博弈論-主客觀(guān)多屬性組合賦權的采礦方法優(yōu)選
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遼寧科技大學(xué)礦業(yè)工程學(xué)院

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河鋼集團重點(diǎn)科技項目


Optimization of the Mining Method Based on Game Theory-Subjective and Objective Multi-Attribute Combination Weighting
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1.School of Mining Engineering,University of Science and Technology Liaoning,Anshan,114051;2.China

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    摘要:

    采礦方法優(yōu)選時(shí),單獨采用主觀(guān)或客觀(guān)評價(jià)方法均存在局限性,主客觀(guān)組合評價(jià)方法雖能彌補這些缺陷,但又可能面臨權重分配不均的問(wèn)題。針對這一問(wèn)題,建立改進(jìn)層次分析法-CRITIC法多屬性組合賦權模型的基礎上,采用博弈論方法綜合主客觀(guān)權重。以司家營(yíng)礦區采礦方法優(yōu)選為例,對備選的2種采礦方法綜合評判優(yōu)選捕导。在環(huán)境、經(jīng)濟、技術(shù)和安全4個(gè)準則下,選擇了11個(gè)與采礦方法密切相關(guān)的指標,并基于博弈論-主客觀(guān)多屬性組合賦權模型,確定了各指標的組合權重誊爵。研究表明,在運用博弈論思想兼顧主客觀(guān)權值的條件下,階段空場(chǎng)法嗣后充填采礦法相較于分段空場(chǎng)法嗣后充填采礦法,具有更高的綜合隸屬度(0.711),故被選為最優(yōu)方案『苍郑基于博弈論的主客觀(guān)組合評價(jià)優(yōu)選模型為采礦方法的決策提供了有益的參考德迹。

    Abstract:

    In the optimization of mining methods, using either subjective or objective evaluation methods alone has limitations, and while combined subjective and objective evaluation methods can mitigate these drawbacks, they may face the issue of uneven weight distribution. To address this problem, an improved Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)-CRITIC multi-attribute combined weighting model was established, using game theory to integrate subjective and objective weights. Taking the mining method optimization in the Sijiaying mining area as an example, comprehensive evaluation and optimization were conducted for two alternative mining methods. Under the criteria of environment, economy, technology, and safety, 11 indicators closely related to mining methods were selected, and their combined weights were determined based on the game theory-subjective and objective multi-attribute combined weighting model. The study shows that, considering both subjective and objective weights through the application of game theory, the sublevel open stoping method with delayed filling has a higher comprehensive membership degree (0.711) compared to the block caving method with delayed filling, and thus it was selected as the optimal scheme. The game theory-based combined subjective and objective evaluation and optimization model provides a valuable reference for decision-making in mining method selection.

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  • 收稿日期:2024-04-18
  • 最后修改日期:2024-06-10
  • 錄用日期:2024-06-14
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